Plant Adaptations



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Plants adapt to their environment in many ways. They can have structural or behavioral adaptations. For example, a cactus has developed some structural adaptations to help it survive in the desert. It has small, pointy leaves (called needles) to help cut down on water loss. Cacti also have the ability to store water. In the desert, where it rarely rains, this adaptation allows them to save water and helps them survive, even when it doesn't rain that much. Behavioral adaptations of plants are tropisms. A tropism is a plant's response to a stimulus. Different types of tropism include phototropism (reaction to light), hydrotropism (reaction to water) and gravitropism (reaction to gravity).
View this slideshow about plant adaptations and tropisms.
Since plants are anchored to the ground, they cannot move to get their own food. Because of this, plants have adapted to make their own food. Plants make their own food through photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is how a plant uses sunlight to make its own food.
Plants have also adapted several ways to move their seeds and reproduce.
Different kinds of seed dispersal.

Read about the ingredients needed and steps of photosynthesis.

Play The Great Plant Escape.